Autism spectrum disorder [ASD]

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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and developmental disorder that begins early in childhood and lasts throughout a person’s life. It affects how a person acts and interacts with others, communicates, and learns. It includes what used to be known as Asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorders.

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
autism spectrum disorder (noun)
any of a group of developmental disorders (as autism and Asperger's syndrome) marked by impairments in the ability to communicate and interact socially and by the presence of repetitive behaviors or restricted interests - called also autistic spectrum disorder pervasive developmental disorder
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